FAO

The Food and Agriculture committee will, for the remainder of this MUN, concern itself with the following issues:


Agricultural challenges in the light of climate change: the problem of human food waste

The global food system is the largest contributor to both environmental and humanitarian impacts. Due to increases in population, wealth, and urbanization, the world has seen an overall increase in food demand, coupled with a shift in dietary preferences towards more resource-intensive foods. One third of all the food produced for human consumption doesn’t even make it to the table. Food waste refers to food appropriate for human consumption being discarded, whether it is kept beyond its expiry date or not, or left to spoil. Often this is because food has spoiled but it can be for other reasons such as oversupply due to markets, or individual consumer shopping/eating habits. If we are to preserve our planet’s ecosystems and the future well being of the human population, the way we produce food and deliver it to our tables is in need of a dramatic transformation. Reducing food waste lessens the environmental impact of food production for a given level of food consumption. Can we achieve a food system that works within the planet’s biophysical boundaries, inclusively supports human livelihoods, and ensures food security for a growing and changing population? This has become one of the central questions in humanity’s broader quest to shape a sustainable future.


How to use food as a peace instrument

Where are conflicts there is hunger: war can eliminate the means of agricultural production of the economic means of buying food. Conflicts force people to leave their jobs, their land and their livelihood. One in nine people worldwide still do not have enough to eat. The link between hunger and armed conflict is a vicious circle: war and conflict can cause food insecurity and hunger, just as hunger and food insecurity can cause latent conflicts to flare up and trigger the use of violence. We will never achieve the goal of zero hunger unless we also put an end to war and armed conflict. The coronavirus pandemic has contributed to a strong upsurge in the number of victims of hunger in the world. Providing assistance to increase food security not only prevents hunger, but can also help to improve prospects for stability and peace. Therefore food is an instrument of peace. The question is however, how can we provide conflict areas with food to reduce conflict? And how can we make sure that the food supply chain stays to maintain stability? How do we achieve the use of food as a peace instrument?