The World Health organization will, for the remainder of this MUN, concern itself with the following issues:
The right to the highest attainable standard of health: ensuring universal health coverage of physical and mental health.
Health insurance has always been an infamous topic of discussion. In some countries it is mandatory to have private health insurance in other countries it is seen as a luxury. Whereas physical health is broadly discussed and covered by many health insurances, mental health is still a social taboo and there is not always standard coverage for mental health problems and illnesses. Meanwhile, the WHO acknowledges the fact that mental health can contribute to physical poor health outcomes, premature deaths, human rights violations, and global national economic loss. Questions that arise by this topic are for example if it is a state’s responsibility to ensure health for every single citizen? And what initiatives should states take to make sure mental health is included in universal health care?
Recognition of non-western medicine, the inclusion of non-western health care methods
It is not a surprise that the medical system is influenced by the cultural environment in which it exists. The western medical system exists mainly out of scientific rationality or biomedical model. This system has been implemented in the Western cultures for centuries which leads to a tunnel vision where the western medical world tends to forget there is a huge range of non-western health methods that can be as effective as the western medical system. The so-called Ethnomedicine is a more traditional kind of method used in non-western cultures. Ethnomedicine has been found effective for people who cope with illness and disease also has been effective as antiviral therapy. However western states still hesitate whether if they should take over these methods.